Asthma causes, symptoms and treatment:


Asthma causes, symptoms, and treatment:

 

What is asthma?

It is a common respiratory disorder which is known as bronchial asthma. It is very chronic and widespread in children and adults. The word asthma is meaning laborious breathing.

Therefore, the primary symptoms of asthma are cough, sputum production. The frequent accompanying respiratory infections of allergic rhinitis. They are acute inflammation of the nose and sinuses.

Inflammation in asthma is mainly related to eosinophilic and immunoglobulin. The cause of asthma is multifactorial. But both factors are consistently involved in the cause and progression of asthma.

 

 Asthma causes:

 

1-Environmental factors:

 

The major Asthma cause is environmental pollution, indoors and outdoors. It is the most commonly associated with this disease.

It may vary from industrial pollutants, organic sources include flour, home dust, sprays, perfumes, mosquito coils.

All of the above, if not all, will definitely affect the treatment of the disease.

 

2- Genetic Factors:

 

Asthma is known to run in families. Proliferation may be different across generations.

Needless to say, no specific gene responsible for asthma has been identified, except for one gene called ADAM 33.

 

How to diagnosis asthma?

 

A single test for the diagnosis of asthma is a spirometry or lung function test. Which measures flow and volume over a period of time.

 

This flow volume loop has a characteristic pattern. The volume post-bronchodilator increases by 12-15% to ensure asthma diagnosis.

 

Other supporting findings include chest x-ray, paranasal sinus x-ray, and normal blood work.

 

Clinical Symptoms of Asthma:

 

 1-Cough:

A common companion produced by irritation in the airways. The combination of breathlessness and coughing is the foundation of asthma.

 

2-Breathlessness:

Shortness of breath or tightness in the chest. As a result of muscle contraction in the airways. It is a reversible component.

 

3-Chest pain :

It is a symptom that is not secondary to chronic coughing or wheezing. 

 

4-Infections:

 

It is another common symptom and is often the result of repeated infections with bacteria and viruses typical of asthma.

5-Fever :

It is usually the result of viral or bacterial infections.

 

6-Nasal discharge:

 

It is the result that accompanies nasal hypersensitivity and is common in young

asthmatics.

Asthma treatment:

 

The basic problems in asthma are mainly in the airways. Therefore inhalers/nebulizers are most effective in Asthma, Inhaler, Aerosol, Diseasethe treatment.

Inhalers work in a problem area and have no side effects. It may use in children, both adults, and pregnant women.

 

Asthma treatment with different types of inhalers: Dry powder inhalers, Meter dose inhalers, Breath activated inhalers, etc.

All this needs to be used under strict medical supervision. That is why we use what we call combination inhalation therapy with an inhaler.