Which diabetes types are more common Worldwide?
According to diabetes types, Medically termed “diabetes mellitus” is a metabolic disorder in which the body is unable to properly store, process, and use sugar.
This can lead to an increase in the sugar levels in our blood. Increased levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood can lead to serious health complications including heart diseases, kidney failure, blindness.
Basically, there are two types of diabetes.
diabetes type 1 :
The immune system starts to destroy the pancreas (the insulin-producing gland). Since the body is unable to produce its own insulin.
People suffering from Type 1 diabetes may have to use multiple insulin injections or a continuous infusion of insulin throughout the day in order to keep the blood sugar at normal levels.
Although type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, children, teenagers, and young adults are the ones most affected by this type. Unfortunately, there is no cure or means of preventing this type 1 diabetes, it can only be managed.
People suffering from type2 diabetes do produce insulin, but the cells in the body do not respond to it the way they used to or become resistant to the body’s own insulin. Type 2 diabetes is generally diagnosed after the age of 40, but it can also occur in childhood.
If diagnosed early, type 2 diabetes can be effectively controlled or managed through a healthy diet, weight loss, and physical activity. Type 2 diabetes is more common Worldwide.
Causes of type 1 diabetes:
- Autoimmune disease.
- Damage or removal of the pancreas.
- Viruses and infections.
Causes of type 2 diabetes:
- Hormonal imbalances
- High blood pressure
- Insulin resistance
- Sedentary lifestyle.
Type 1 diabetes and type2 diabetes treatments:
A number of treatment options are available to help you manage or treat diabetes. The treatment will vary depending on the type of diabetes, age, lifestyle, and individual needs.
Treatment Options for Type-1 Diabetes:
- Multiple daily injections.
- Insulin pump therapy.
- islet cell transplant.
Treatment Options for Type-2 Diabetes:
- Tablets and medications
- weight loss surgery
- healthy diet and exercise.
Prevention for diabetes:
Many studies suggest that a good diet accompanied by increased physical activity and other healthy lifestyle changes such as losing weight, quitting smoking, and limiting alcohol intake can dramatically reduce the progression of type-2 diabetes and may control type-1 diabetes.
In addition to this, certain oral anti-diabetes drugs may also help prevent the development of type-2 diabetes in prediabetes individuals.
Secondary prevention involves early identification of people with type-2 diabetes and offering support to make necessary lifestyle changes as well as following an effective treatment plan for both type1 diabetes and type-2 diabetes in order to stop costly diabetes complications.
Diabetes is the epidemic of the 21st century and a challenging problem for public health worldwide. As per the data shared by the World Health Organization, it will be the seventh leading cause of death by 2030.
Our body cells and organs need energy in order to perform various functions. Although many tissues use fat or proteins as a source of energy, some organs such as the brain and red blood cells rely on glucose for energy needs.
A hormone called insulin, produced by the beta cells of the pancreas helps to convert blood sugar into usable energy, it also helps to control blood sugar levels and keep them in the normal range.
Sometimes the pancreas is unable to produce enough or any insulin or fails to use insulin well, this results in an increase in the blood glucose (sugar) levels.