Diarrhea Definition, causes, symptoms and treatments:

Diarrhea definition:


It is often defined as loose or watery stool three or more per day. The acute form lasts less than 14 days (usually only a few days), goes away by itself, and is usually not severe.”Diarrhea Definition causes symptoms ”


But it is associated with some other complications. It affects people of all ages and some types of infections. 


The basic reason behind diarrhea, when feces move through the intestines so quickly that the intestines don’t have enough time to pull water from the waste.


Chronic diarrhea lasts for more than 4 weeks. It is caused by an inflammatory bowel condition, such as ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease.


Diarrhea causes:


  1. Bacterial and viral infections.
  2. Hypertension, Antibiotics, or some medication containing magnesium.
  3. Intestinal diseases (ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease).
  4. Intestinal parasites.
  5. Undigested food -that cannot digest or absorb fat or carbohydrates.
  6. Radiation or chemotherapy.
  7. Problem with the thyroid gland. Emotional stress or confusion also causes diarrhea.


Diarrhea Symptoms:


  • Your stool is loose and watery.


  • Feeling abdominal cramps, nausea, or bloating.


  •  Fever with cold. If you have diarrhea for a few days, you may feel mild or weak. It comes from the rapid loss of minerals, sugar, and water your body needs. 


  • Due to less urinating, your body is losing water through bowel movements instead of urine. If you have diarrhea for more than 72 hours or you have a fever of 38.5 ° C or more.


  • Blood or pus in the stool or severe abdominal pain or vomiting that prevents fluid replacement by mouth. Dehydration problems due to diarrhea develop rapidly in the elderly, weak or very young, or in those with severe diarrhea. Severe diarrhea and fever are signs of dangerous infection or parasitism.


  • In the case of children with diarrhea that does not urinate for 6 hours – the child may be dangerously dehydrated. So contact your doctor as soon as possible.


Diarrhea treatment and preventions:



  • People do not always need to take medication for diarrhea. For adults, it is advisable to wait 48 to 72 hours to see if it stops on its own. By allowing it to “run its course,” your body can get rid of the ones that naturally cause diarrhea. If diarrhea persists, you should talk to your doctor.


  • If the suspected cause is a parasite or bacteria, your doctor may prescribe an antibiotic to get rid of it. Otherwise, a doctor or pharmacist may recommend medications to relieve diarrhea.


  • If symptoms persist beyond 72 hours from the onset of diarrhea, contact your doctor. Some probiotics can help prevent or treat certain causes of diarrhea. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist to see if the probiotic is right for you.


Dehydration causes:


It caused by frequent bowel movements that can cause serious problems. In particular, any medications you take can do so much quicker than what goes through your body, so they may not work properly.

Please discuss this with your doctor. Dehydration can also cause kidney damage and electrolyte imbalance.


Signs of dehydration:

 Dry mouth, increased thirst, decreased urination, decreased perspiration, and feeling weak or mild.

Signs may include nausea, muscle cramps, and high body temperature. At the first sign of diarrhea, drink plenty of boiled water, at least two cups per hour.


Oral rehydration solutions designed to fit the body’s intestinal fluid are ideal, especially for children and seniors. Consult a health professional before treating children or if they have diarrhea. 


“Resting the bowels” after a diarrhea episode is not in the standard recommendations. Take it easy physically until you have diarrhea – you need your strength to get up fast.


You can eat foods that “capture” feces and slow movement through the large intestine known as the “Brat Diet”, such as banana, rice, applesauce, and toast.