Different types of heart diseases


Different types of heart diseases:

 

 

Most common heart diseases are following.

  1. Coronary artery disease,
  2. Heart failure,
  3. Arrhythmia such as atrial fibrillation Congenital heart defects
  4. Heart Infection Heart valve disease Cardiomegaly (abnormally enlarged heart)
  5. Cardiomyopathy (myocardial infarction).

 

 

1-Coronary Artery Disease:

 

Coronary heart disease occurs when the coronary arteries that supply oxygen to the heart muscle are narrowed or blocked by the formation of fat/cholesterol within the arterial wall. Or tightness in the chest during breathing or fatigue with increased activity or stress and/or physical activity.

When the blood supply to the heart muscle is severely reduced, chest pain (angina), heart attack (myocardial infarction), or heart rhythm disturbances (arrhythmia) may occur.

 

Heart muscle:

 

The heart is the muscle that sends blood to all parts of the body. When the heart chambers contraction, blood is pumped out of the aorta (the main artery from the heart), which carries oxygen and nutrients to the rest of the body.

 

The heart also needs oxygen to function. The function of the coronary arteries is to supply oxygen-filled blood to the heart muscle.

 

 It is the result of a narrowing or blockage of coronary arteries (a process is known as atherosclerosis) by a plaque formed by fat/cholesterol on the arterial walls.

 

 

2-Heart failure:

 

Fatigue. A general feeling of fatigue or fatigue occurs when the heart cannot pump enough oxygen to meet the body’s energy needs.

 

 

Angina:

 

Angina is a pain in the chest resulting in decreased blood supply to the heart (ischemia). Blood contains oxygen around your body, and the loss of oxygen to the heart can have serious consequences.


Angina is caused by atherosclerosis, meaning narrowing and/or clogging of the blood vessels that supply the heart.


The typical pain of the angina is in the chest, but it often radiates to the left arm, shoulder, or jaw. If you have angina, you may notice that pain is related to pain and is relieved by rest.


Angina attack is also associated with breathlessness and sweating. If you are a woman you may experience angina a little differently.

Females have more pain in the shoulder and mid-back, and throat, neck, and jaw pain than men. If your angina symptoms worsen and you rest, it may indicate an impending heart attack (myocardial infarction) and you should seek immediate medical attention.

 

 

Heart attack (Myocardial infarction):

 

Myocardial infarction occurs when the heart’s blood supply stops. A heart attack may not be fatal, especially if you receive medical help and treatment to deal with the obstacle immediately after a heart attack.

But you may be left with a damaged heart post-heart attack.

A heart attack is a severe central chest pain that can spread to the left arm, shoulder, or jaw. Extreme symptoms include acute breathlessness, sweating, and numbness. Learn more about warning signs here.

 

 No activity  cause heart problems:

 

People who have heart failure often do not do their usual activities because they are easily tired and. Rush. Increased fluid in the lungs can cause coughing, wheezing, and difficulty breathing. Edema or ankle swallowing. When the heart is not pumping enough to force the blood back from the lower extremities, it collects fluid in the ankles, legs, thighs, and abdomen.

 

Weight gain may cause heart complications:

 

Excess fluid can also cause weight gain. Shortness of breath. The exchange of carbon dioxide for fresh oxygen in the blood makes the fluid in the lungs more difficult.

It is also difficult to breathe when lying down, as it allows the fluid to travel up and down the torso from the bottom of the lungs.

 

 

3-Atherosclerosis:

 

 

Atherosclerosis is a condition in which blood vessels become thickened and hardened due to vascular injury from the accumulation of fatty plaque deposits.

Coronary artery atherosclerosis is characterized by chest pain and shortness of breath.

Additional features:

Abnormal pain Cooling Numbness Weakness in your arms and legs These symptoms are caused by a lack of arterial blood supply to the extremities.

4-Arrhythmias:

 

 

Arrhythmia, also known as abnormal heart rhythms, has a variety of symptoms. Along with arrhythmia, the heart rate can be very fast or very slow.

It can make you feel like your heart is fluttering, racing heartbeat, or an unusually slow pulse. Arrhythmias can also cause: Chest pain Lightheadedness Dizziness Fainting spells

 

 

 5-Congenital heart defects:

 

 

Congenital heart defects are congenital heart problems and congenital malformations. Doctors usually diagnose them at birth or early childhood.

Depending on the severity of the symptoms, sometimes people do not get diagnosed until puberty. In addition to Shortness of breath Blue skin Easily tired Swelling.

 

Risk factors of heart diseases:

 

  • High blood cholesterol
  • Smoking
  • High blood pressure
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Physical inactivity, Obesity
  • Stress / Anxiety.

 

Uncontrollable heart diseases factors:

 

  • Age
  • Gender
  • Race
  • Family  Medical history.