Heatstroke symptoms, and how to treat heatstroke?
It is also known as sunstroke, is a form of heat illness. Mainly it is caused by exposure to direct sunlight.
Symptoms and treatment are similar to heatstroke. They are both medical emergencies.
It occurs when a person’s body temperature rises above the safe level of the body’s internal temperature range.
If care is not taken to cool and rehydrate during this time, heat sickness, a more severe stage of heat exhaustion. It may be a life-threatening condition.
The most serious form of heat illness is heatstroke, which can lead to shock, brain damage, or death.
There is a risk of severe sunstroke on top of other problems.
Skin spots are a sign of severe sunburn – sponge the skin with cold clean water while waiting for medical help.
Symptoms of heatstroke:
- Body temperature higher level but no sweating.
- A severe headache.
- It may be vomiting.
- Rate of pulse increase higher or lower.
- Fast breathing.
- Feeling weakness.
- It may be feeling dizzy.
- Anxiety condition.
Untreated heatstroke may cause serious complications that lead to inflammation of your vital organs, including your brain.
It is a medical emergency and can cause serious damage to vital organs like kidneys, brains, etc, if not treated in time.
A person with heatstroke cannot treat himself. So he should go to the medical care center as soon as possible.
No waiting and call an ambulance.
Rest in a cool place.
Stay with the patient at all times.
Remove his clothes as much as possible.
Wet his skin with cold water.
A cold bath or shower may decrease heatstroke conditions.
If healthy people suffering from heatstroke from intense exercise in hot weather, apply ice packs to their armpits, neck, and back.
One should try to prevent himself from heat and sun. Take regular cold showers or baths.
Try to wear loose clothing made of natural fibers, such as cotton or linen, which allow your body to easily evaporate heat through sweat.
One should know that rooms to the south with windows in direct sunlight are hotter than rooms in the north.
Avoid strenuous exercise in hot weather (especially between 11 am and 3 pm when temperatures are usually high).
You should keep indoor plants that help cool the air when the water evaporates.
Drink freshwater or juices. Moderate caffeine drinks contribute to your fluid intake – 400 mg per day (eight cups of tea or four cups of coffee).
However, you should avoid drinking more caffeine drinks.
Do not drink alcohol, it will dehydrate you and reduce your awareness of the warning symptoms.
It also hampers your ability to take early steps to turn yourself somewhere cold and take action without turning heat exhaustion into heatstroke.
Keep your home cool by pulling daytime curtains. If the outside weather is hotter than the inside, close the windows and use a fan.
Keep the windows open when the weather outside is cool, especially at night.
People need more care:
On a hot, humid day or a poorly ventilated area, especially children, the elderly, or those with deformity are the most vulnerable to heatstroke.
Children and the elderly show rapid progression of symptoms and may suddenly collapse.
People under certain conditions may suffer from heat illnesses, as medications change the way the body manages heat and sun.
People who drink alcohol before, during, or after a vigorous activity are more likely to suffer from heat illness, as well as people who work heavily with inadequate conditions.
First Aid Guide:
According to the available conditions, use a combination of the following actions:
- In a shady area, or in a cold or air-conditioned building, room or car, rest the person and keep the legs slightly elevated.
- you should use as much water as you can drink. It is better if you add 1 teaspoon of salt in a quarter of water and make a salted drink.
- Loosen individual clothes.
- Put cold compresses (eg, neck, armpits, forehead).
- Put the person in a wet cloth. Evaporation of water on the skin helps to cool.