Measles symptoms, causes, preventions:
What is Measles?
It is a rapidly spreading viral disease. It is also known as rubella or morbilli. Its symptoms appear 9 to 11 days after the initial infection. It usually goes away without treatment in 7 to 10 days. After the measles, a person gains immunity for the rest of his life. They are not very likely to shrink the measles a second time.
- Coryza, or runny nose
- Dry cough.
- Watering eyes.
- Sensitivity to light
- Reddish-brown rash.
- Conjunctivitis, or swollen eyelids and inflamed eyes
- Common body aches.
- Bluish-white centers in the mouth, very small gray-white spots on the inside of the cheeks and throat
The reddish-brown rash appears 3 to 4 days after the initial symptoms. It lasts for a week. The rash usually starts behind the ears and spreads to the head and neck. After a few days, it spreads to other parts of the body, including the legs. As the spots grow they often merge.
How to diagnosis measles?
A doctor can usually diagnose measles by looking at the signs and symptoms. A blood test confirms the presence of the rubella virus. A child with measles should not return to school for at least 5 days after the rash appears.
Measles is caused by a rubella virus infection. The virus lives in the mucus of the nose and throat of an infected child or adult. The disease is contagious 4 days before the rash appears, and it lasts for about 4 to 5 days.
The infection may be transmitted by Physical contact with an infected person or being near an infected person if coughing or sneezing or the droplets of mucus touch the affected surface and then put their fingers into the mouth or rub the nose or eyes.
The virus is active on an object for 2 hours. There is no specific treatment. If there are no problems, the doctor will recommend rest and plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration. Symptoms usually go away in 7 to 10 days.
The following actions may help:
- If the child’s temperature is high, keep them cool, but not too cold. Don’t use the habit of self medicine. Children under 16 should not take aspirin. Take the Doctor’s advice.
- People should avoid smoking near children.
- keeping the room dark can increase comfort levels, as measles increases sensitivity to light.
- If there is crustiness around the eyes, gently cleanse with a warm, damp cloth.
- Cough medicines do not relieve measles cough. Humidifiers or placing a bowl of water in the room can help. For children over 12 months, a glass of lukewarm water with a teaspoon of lemon juice and two teaspoons of honey will help. Do not give honey to infants.
- Fever can lead to dehydration, so the child should drink plenty of fluids. A child at the stage of infection should stay away from school and avoid close contact with others, especially those who are immunocompromised or have never had measles.
- People with vitamin A deficiency and children under 2 years of age who have measles can benefit from vitamin A supplements. These can help prevent problems, but they should only be taken with a doctor’s advice.
- Antibiotics do not help against the measles virus, but they are sometimes prescribed if an additional bacterial infection develops.
Prevention for measles:
People who already have measles usually have immunity and are unlikely to get it again. Those who are not immunized should consider measles vaccine.
Mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine is usually given at 12 to 15 months of age, followed by a booster shot at 4 to 6 years of age before entering school. Newborn babies are immunized by their mother for a few months after birth if their mothers are immunized, but sometimes vaccination is recommended before 12 months of age and 6 months in advance.