Menstrual cycle define, menstrual cycle phases and hormones:

Menstrual cycle define, menstrual cycle phases, and hormones:


Generally, women have four to seven days of the menstrual cycle. The female period usually occurs every 28 days, but the normal range from 21 days to 35 days.


You have a menstrual cycle problem…..

If the periods are less than 21 days or more than 35 days.

menstrual flow is heavier or lighter than normal.

That period is longer than seven days.

Bleeding or spotting occurs after menopause.
Some examples of abnormal  failure are described below:


Menstrual cycle Phases:


Menstrual deprivation:


This is a menstrual cycle phase where a woman’s periods are completely stopped. A woman’s absence for 90 days or more is considered uncommon.

Unless a woman is pregnant, breastfeeding, or going through menopause. It usually occurs in women between 45 and 55 years.



It refers to menstrual periods of infrequency.




This can lead to painful periods and severe cramps. Some discomfort in the menstrual cycle is common to many women.


Menstrual cycle abnormal :


There may be various reasons behind an abnormal menstrual cycle. Few are explain below…


Lifestyle or Stress Problems:


It’s all about lifestyle. Weight loss or gain, dieting, heavy exercises, travel, sickness. Women’s routines can affect her menstrual cycle periods.


 Birth control pills:

Many birth control tablets contain a combination of hormones called estrogen and progestin. Pills prevent the normal cycle.


Pregnancy by keeping the ovaries from releasing eggs.

Some women have irregular or missed periods of up to six months after discontinuing birth control pills.

This is an important thing when you conceive and get pregnant. Women who take birth control pills that contain only progestin may have bleeding between periods.

Cervical polyps:

Uterine polyps are small benign (cancer-free) growths in the membrane of the uterus. Uterine fibroids are tumors that adhere to the wall of the uterus.

There may be one or several fibroids, ranging in size from an apple seed to grapefruit. These tumors are usually benign, but they can cause excessive bleeding and pain during periods.

If fibroids are large, they can put pressure on the bladder or rectum and cause discomfort.




The endometrial tissue that draws the uterus breaks down every month.It is released with menstrual flow.


Endometriosis occurs when endometrial tissue outside the uterus begins to grow. Often, endometrial tissue is attached to the ovaries or fallopian tubes.


It sometimes grows in the lower digestive tract of the intestines or other organs and in the area between your rectum and uterus.


Endometriosis can cause abnormal bleeding, numbness, or pain before and during, and after painful intercourse.


Pelvic inflammatory disease:


It is a bacterial infection that affects the female reproductive system. Through sexual contact, the bacteria can enter the vagina. It spreads to the uterus and upper genital tract.

Bacteria can enter the reproductive tract through gynecological procedures. It may enter through childbirth, abortion, or even miscarriage.


Symptoms of this disease include unpleasant odor, irregular periods, vaginal discharge with pain. Fever, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea in the pelvic and lower abdomen.


Polycystic ovary syndrome:

 The ovaries produce large amounts of androgens, which are male hormones.

Small fluid-filled bags (cysts) may form in the ovaries. They are often seen on ultrasound. Hormonal changes can prevent eggs from maturing.