What is a liver biopsy?
A liver biopsy is a procedure in which a small needle is inserted into the liver to collect a tissue sample. It can be performed as an inpatient procedure or during surgery.
In the liver biopsy, the tissue is analyzed in a laboratory to help physicians diagnose a variety of disorders and diseases of the liver.
Liver biopsies are often performed to help determine the cause:
- Continuous abnormal liver blood tests (liver enzymes).
- Indescribable yellowing of the skin (jaundice).
- Liver abnormality detected on ultrasound, CT scan, or nuclear scan.
- Unexplained enlargement of the liver.
Is a liver biopsy safe?
In most cases, there are no problems in getting a liver biopsy. However, very rarely internal bleeding can occur, as well as bile leaking from the liver or gallbladder.
How should I prepare for a liver biopsy?
When preparing for a liver biopsy, there are several things to keep in mind.
Tell your doctor
if you are pregnant, have lung, lung, or a heart condition, are allergic to any medications, or have bleeding problems.
If you are taking blood thinners such as Common, Plavix. Your doctor may prescribe an alternative method to thin your blood before the procedure.
The week before the procedure, do not take aspirin, aspirin-containing products, or anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen, Advil, Motrin. Do not discontinue any medication without first consulting your primary care physician.
What happens on the day of a liver biopsy?
As prescribed by your doctor, laboratory tests are performed on the day of the liver biopsy or 2-3 days before the procedure.
These tests may include a blood count, platelet count, and a measure of your blood clotting ability.
Before the procedure:
A doctor will explain the biopsy procedure in detail, including any possible problems with them, and answer any questions you may have.
During the process:
The patient will be asked to wear a hospital gown. He will be asked to lie on your back, with your right elbow to the side and your right arm under your head.
It is important that you stay as close as possible during the process. An ultrasound machine can be used to determine the location of your liver. You can get a small dose of sedative before the procedure.
The doctor will clean the area on your local abdomen with a local anesthetic (painkillers).
The doctor will then make a small incision in your abdomen and insert a needle into this incision to take a small sample of liver tissue for analysis. The process takes about 5 minutes.
Following the procedure:
The patient will be kept in the recovery room for up to 4 hours for observation. He may feel minor discomfort or dull pain in your shoulders or back.
If necessary, pain medications may be prescribed for you. Do not drive or operate machinery for at least eight hours after the procedure.
Avoid taking aspirin, aspirin-containing products, or anti-inflammatory drugs (such as ibuprofen, Advil, naproxen, or Motrin) for a week after the procedure. Do not do intense physical activity for at least 24 hours after the biopsy.
Your doctor will discuss the biopsy results with you several days after the procedure.